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Title: Competitividad electoral en México 1928-2018
Keywords: electoral competition;political alternation;party system;multiparty system;representativeness crisis;competencia electoral;alternancia política;sistema de partidos;multipartidismo;crisis de representatividad
Publisher: Universidad de Guadalajara
Description: Mexican political system has advanced in the democratic transition, due to the appearance of the political alternation, which occurred in 2000, after a party hegemony at the national level for more than 70 years. This research studies the level of electoral competition that has occurred in the post-alternation period in the country at the presidential level, through the calculation of a Party Competition Index (ICP), in order to determine if the Mexican political system can be considered as a case of success in the democratic transition towards the consolidation of a competitive multi-party system. It has been found that although the political system has had a transition towards multi-party system due to political alternation. It has not been accompanied by a higher level of electoral competition, which shows a problem in terms of electoral competition. This problem could be explained by the representativeness crisis.
En la presente investigación se estudia el nivel de competitividad electoral a nivel presidencial que se ha presentado en México en el periodo 1928-2018, a través de la cuantificación del Índice Herfindahl-Hirschman (HHI), con el fin de analizar los niveles de competitividad en cada una de las elecciones y con ello, poder determinar el comportamiento de la misma en el periodo de estudio. Se ha encontrado que los niveles de competitividad se han incrementado a partir de la reforma electoral de 1977, sin embargo, en las últimas elecciones en el país, en 2018, los niveles han disminuido considerablemente, por lo que será importante conocer los resultados estadísticos de lo acontecido en las próximas elecciones en 2024, los cuales podrían permitir retomar la certidumbre de lo acontecido al día de hoy o confirmar la existencia de un problema en la competitividad electoral en el país.
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Appears in Collections:Revista Espiral

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