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Title: Synthesis and characterization of core-shell nanoparticles and their influence on the mechanical behavior of acrylic bone cements
Author: Gutierrez-Mejia, A.
Herrera-Kao, W.
Duarte-Aranda, S.
Loria-Bastarrachea, M.I.
Canche-Escamilla, G.
Moscoso-Sanchez, F.J.
Cauich-Rodriguez, J.V.
Cervantes-Uc, J.M.
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Core-shell nanoparticles consisting of polybutyl acrylate (PBA) rubbery core and a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) shell, with different core-shell ratios, were synthesized in order to enhance the fracture toughness of the acrylic bone cements prepared with them. It was observed by TEM and SEM that the core-shell nanoparticles exhibited a spherical morphology with ca. 120 nm in diameter and that both modulus and tensile strength decreased by increasing the PBA content; the desired structuring pattern in the synthesized particles was confirmed by DMA. Also, experimental bone cements were prepared with variable amounts (0, 5, 10 and 20 wt.%) of nanoparticles with a core-shell ratio of 30/70 in order to study the influence of these nanostructured particles on the physicochemical, mechanical and fracture properties of bone cements. It was found that the addition of nanostructured particles to bone cements caused a significant reduction in the peak temperature and setting time while the glass transition temperature (Tg) of cements increased with increasing particles content. On the other hand, modulus and strength of bone cements decreased when particles were incorporated but fracture toughness was increased. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All Rights Reserved.
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