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Title: Socio-demographic factors associated with caustic substance ingestion in children and adolescents
Author: Sanchez-Ramirez, C.A.
Larrosa-Haro, A.
Vasquez-Garibay, E.M.
Macias-Rosales, R.
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: Objective: Caustic substance ingestion is a public health issue in some underdeveloped countries. Published information on socio-demographic factors related to this problem is scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of socio-demographic factors with caustic ingestion in children. Methods: Design: case-control study. Cases were children with caustic substance ingestion who were attended to during 2006 (n= 94) at a pediatric referral hospital in Guadalajara, Mexico; the controls were a random sample of children who were hospitalized or seen as outpatients in the same pediatric referral hospital (n= 641). The socio-demographic variables were studied using a validated questionnaire (Children Nutrition Organization Survey). Statistics: OR, 95% CI and logistic regression. Results: Mean age of the cases was 3.2 years (SD 2.4) and 37.2% of cases were girls. Caustic ingestion occurred at home in 63.8% of cases and at a relative's home in 23.4% of cases. Alkaline products were ingested by 85.1%; containers had no warning labels in 72.3% of cases and no childproof safety caps in 92.6% of cases. The socio-demographic variables associated with caustic ingestion included higher family income, lower educational level of the mother, higher proportion of fathers working as independent professionals, extended family, mother's age <30 years, and mother working outside the home. Conclusions: The observed family risk profile for caustic ingestion was higher family income, young working mother with low educational level, father working as independent professional, and extended family. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Appears in Collections:Producción científica UdeG (prueba)

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