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Title: The-844 G>A PAI-1 polymorphism is associated with acute coronary syndrome in mexican population
Author: Garcia-Gonzalez, I.J.
Valle, Y.
Sandoval-Pinto, E.
Valdes-Alvarado, E.
Valdez-Haro, A.
Francisco Munoz-Valle, J.
Flores-Salinas, H.E.
Figuera-Villanueva, L.E.
Davalos-Rodriguez, N.O.
Padilla-Gutierrez, J.R.
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Background. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has an important impact in public health with high morbidity and mortality. Prothrombotic and proinflammatory states are involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is the major inhibitor of the fibrinolysis and also is part of immune response. The-844 G>A gene polymorphism is related to increased PAI-1 protein levels. The aim of the study is to evaluate the association of-844 G>A PAI-1 polymorphism with ACS. Methods. A total of 646 individuals were recruited from Western Mexico: 350 unrelated healthy subjects and 296 patients with diagnosis of ACS. Results. The most important risk factor in our population was hypertension, followed by smoking. The genetic distribution showed an association of the A allele (OR = 1.27, P = 0.04) and AA genotype (OR = 1.86, P = 0.02) with ACS. The recessive model displayed similar results (OR = 1.76, P = 0.02). As additional finding, we observed significant differences in the genetic distribution of ACS dyslipidemic patients (OR = 1.99, P = 0.04). The A allele and AA genotype of-844 polymorphism of PAI-1 gene are risk factors for ACS. The AA genotype might be associated with the development of dyslipidemia in ACS patients. © 2015 Ilian Janet Garciá-González et al.
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