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Title: PI3 k/akt inhibition induces apoptosis through p38 activation in neurons
Author: Vazquez De La Torre, A.
Junyent, F.
Folch, J.
Pelegri, C.
Vilaplana, J.
Auladell, C.
Beas-Zárate, Carlos
Pallas, M.
Verdaguer, E.
Camins, A.
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Accumulating evidence suggests that the PI3 K/AKT pathway is a pro-survival signalling system in neurons. Therefore, the inhibition of this pathway may be implicated in the degeneration of neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and other neurological disorders. Here we study the participation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway on apoptosis induced by PI3 K/AKT inhibition in cultured cerebellar granule cells (CGCs). LY294002, a specific PI3 K/AKT inhibitor, selectively activated the p38 MAPK kinase pathway and enhanced c-Jun phosphorylation, but did not activate JNK. The pharmacological inhibitors SB203580 (p38 inhibitor) and SP600125 (a JNK inhibitor) protected primary cultures of rat CGCs from LY294002-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, both compounds decreased the phosphorylation of c-Jun and lowered mRNA levels of the pro-apoptotic gene dp5, a direct target of c-Jun. Taken together, our data demonstrate that PI3 K/AKT inhibition induces neuronal apoptosis, a process that is mediated by the activation of p38 MAPK/c-Jun/dp5. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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