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Title: Performance of risk indices for identifying low bone mineral density and osteoporosis in Mexican mestizo women with rheumatoid arthritis
Author: Gonzalez-Lopez, L.
Gamez-Nava, J.I.
Vega-Lopez, A.
Rodriguez-Jimenez, N.A.
Gonzalez-Montoya, N.
Aguilar-Chavez, E.
Alcaraz-Lopez, M.F.
Rocha-Munoz, A.D.
Castro-Lizano, N.
Morales-Romero, J.
Salazar-Paramo, M.
Suarez-Almazor, M.E.
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: Objective. We evaluated the utility of 6 generic and 2 specific risk indices for identifying low bone mineral density (BMD) or osteoporosis in women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); and their correlation with 10-year probability of fractures as assessed with the World Health Organization fracture risk assessment (FRAX) tool. Methods. Mexican Mestizo women with RA were evaluated in this cross-sectional study using 6 generic indices [Simple Calculated Osteoporosis Risk Estimation (SCORE); Osteoporosis Risk Assessment Instrument (ORAI); Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool; Age, Body Size, No Estrogen; Osteoporosis Index of Risk (OSIRIS); and Guidelines of the US National Osteoporosis Foundation], 2 specific indices (Amsterdam and modified Amsterdam), and FRAX. BMD results on dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) at the lumbar spine and femoral neck were considered the "gold standard." Sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values (PV) of the indices and their correlations with FRAX results were estimated. Results. Among 191 patients, 46 had osteoporosis (24.1%) and 119 had low BMD (62.3%). For predicting osteoporosis, SCORE showed the highest sensitivity (96%), whereas OSIRIS (87%) and ORAI (82%) showed the highest specificities. OSIRIS also had the greatest positive PV (92%). The specific indices had low sensitivity and low specificity (Amsterdam, 50% and 79%, respectively; modified Amsterdam, 56% and 70%). All the indices had a low but significant correlation with FRAX. Conclusion. These findings support the use of some generic indices to identify patients with RA who should undergo DEXA testing. Currently available specific indices did not perform satisfactorily. New specific risk indices for osteoporosis in RA should be developed to increase sensitivity and specificity for predicting osteoporosis. The Journal of Rheumatology Copyright © 2012. All rights reserved.
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