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Title: Paleomagnetism of Ar-Ar dated lava flows from the Ceboruco-San Pedro volcanic field (western Mexico): Evidence for the Matuyama-Brunhes transition precursor and a fully reversed geomagnetic event in the Brunhes chron
Author: Petronille, M.
Goguitchaichvili, A.
Henry, B.
Alva-Valdivia, L.M.
Rosas-Elguera, J.
Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J.
Rodriguez Ceja, M.
Calvo-Rathert, M.
Issue Date: 2005
Abstract: We report a detailed paleomagnetic and rock magnetic study of 17 independent lava flows belonging to the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt; 175 oriented samples were collected in the Ceboruco-San Pedro volcanic field. These sites were previously dated by means of a state-of-the-art 40Ar-39Ar geochronological method and span from 819 to 2 ka. Rock magnetic experiments, which included continuous susceptibility and hysteresis measurements, point to simple magnetic mineralogy. In most cases, the remanence is carried by Ti-poor titanomagnetite of pseudosingle-domain magnetic structure. Fourteen flows give normal magnetic polarities, while two are reversely magnetized; only one cooling unit yields intermediate paleodirections. The paleodirections of the flow dated at 819 ± 25 ka correspond to a VGP latitude of 18°N. This anomalous field behavior apparently recorded prior to the Matuyama-Brunhes (M-B) reversal may coincide with the transitionally magnetized lavas on La Palma, Canary Islands (40Ar-39Ar age of 822.2 ± 8.7 ka), and with an event featured in several marine sediment records. Thus this geomagnetic event, defined as M-B precursor, is probably global in extent. Two independent lava flows, dated at 623 ± 91 and 614 ± 16 ka, yield reverse paleodirections. Age uncertainties make it difficult to claim the discovery of a new geomagnetic event. It is possible that these lavas erupted during the worldwide observable Big Lost event (40Ar-39Ar age of 580.2 ± 7.8 ka), which has probably been longer and more complex than it is generally believed for geomagnetic excursions. Copyright 2005 by the American Geophysical Union.
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