Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12104/66830
Title: Palaeomagnetism of the upper volcanic supergroup, southern part of the sierra madre occidental,mexico
Author: Perrin, M.
Alva-Valdivia, L.M.
Lopez-Martinez, M.
Rosas-Elguera, J.
Benammi, M.
Gonzalez-Rangel, J.A.
Camps, P.
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Ash flowtuffs, or ignimbrites have been recently proposed to be a good material for palaeointensity determination. In this paper, we present a multidisciplinary study, combining geochronology, petrology, rock magnetism and palaeomagnetism, carried out on Oligocene to Early Miocene ignimbrites and related flows from the southern part of the Sierra Madre Occidental. Two new 40Ar/39Ar ages were determined for ignimbrites; 20.4 ± 0.2 Ma (the youngest age obtained so far in this area) and 29.2 ± 0.5 Ma. Density measurements, as a proxy for welding, proved to be extremely useful to estimate the emplacement temperature and the origin of the magnetizations carried by the ignimbrites. After alternating field and thermal demagnetizations, the mean palaeomagnetic pole (Lat = 66.8°; Long = 180.5° Kappa = 142; A95 = 6.3°), calculated for the period 28-31 Ma, is in close agreement with our only Miocene determination. Comparison with the North America Synthetic Apparent Polar Path indicates a net counter-clockwise vertical axis rotation of about 10 ± 4° compared to stable North America, which occurred likely during the last extensional episode in the Late Miocene (ca. 12-9 Ma). Palaeointensity estimates, obtained with the Thellier-Coe method, are mainly questionable and should not be used for global interpretation. Therefore, these ignimbrites are not a viable material for reliable palaeointensity determinations. © The Authors 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12104/66830
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