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Title: On the wall slip of polymer blends
Author: Maciel, A.
Salas, V.
Soltero, J.F.A.
Guzmn, J.
Manero, O.
Issue Date: 2002
Abstract: The slip flow of the polypropylene (PP)/poly[ethylene-co-(vinyl acetate)] (EVA) system was studied in a capillary rheometer for shear rates of 40-1000 s-1 at four temperatures. Three dies made of aluminum with a length/diameter (L/D) ratio of 15 and diameters of 1.59, 1.19, and 0.79 mm provided the flow data. Calculations of the slip velocity by the Mooney method showed power-law behavior with the stress. Blends were prepared at various proportions of PP and EVA for observation of the variation of the slip velocity for different compositions and temperatures. Direct microscopic observations of the slip layer on extruded samples showed domains of the dispersed phase unevenly distributed between the slip layer and the core and provided estimates of the thickness of the layer adjacent to the capillary wall. Results showed that the viscosity in the slip layer was 10-100 times lower than that in the bulk for the same value of the shear stress. In terms of the extrapolation length, the development of the slip layer was the result of different disentanglement dynamics of the molecules in the slip layer in comparison with those in the bulk.
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