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Title: Nanoporosity studies of novel catalysts through positronium annihilation
Author: Felix, M.V.
Rodriguez-Rojas, R.A.
Castaneda-Contreras, J.
Nava, R.
Consolati, G.
Castano, V.M.
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: Eight novel hybrid silica gel-succinic acid-zinc acetate samples were analyzed through Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy in order to study average free volume quantities and free volume distributions. The aim of this work was to understand the type of porosity within these species and its relationship with surface textural properties (tested by the BET method) and catalytic activity. We found a noticeable dependence of o-Ps lifetimes on the nature of each modifier agent (succinic acid, Zn acetate, succinic acid-Zn acetate) fixed on the surface of SiO2 and SiO2-Al2O3 particles. We observed the trend of the Zinc acetate to create mesopores among silica particles, while succinic acid acts as a positronium quencher and a nanoporosity performer. Long o-Ps lifetimes were decomposed into two components accounting for the existence of interparticle and intraparticle holes, however discrepancies beyond elementary facts between the BET method measurements and our positronium calculations were found. A discussion of the kind of open spaces analysis necessary to fully understand the porosity in these hybrid materials is also presented. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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