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Title: Immunologic, metabolic and genetic factors in hepatitis C virus infection
Author: Fierro, N.A.
Gonzalez-Aldaco, K.
Torres-Valadez, R.
Martinez-Lopez, E.
Roman, S.
Panduro-Cerda, Arturo
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: The mechanisms that regulate disease progression during hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the response to treatment are not clearly identified. Numerous studies have demonstrated that a strong host immune response against HCV favors HCV clearance. In addition, genetic factors and metabolic machinery, particularly cholesterol modulation, are involved in HCV infection. It is likely that the interplay between all of these factors contributes to the outcome of HCV infection. In recent years, the world has experienced its largest epidemic of obesity. Mexico and the United States are the leading sufferers from this epidemic at the global level. Obesity is associated with the development of WJG 20th Anniversary Special Issues (2): Hepatitis C virus TOPIC HIGHLIGHT numerous pathologies including hypercholesterolemia which is one of the eight most important risk factors for mortality in Mexico. This may be related to the course of HCV infection in this population. Here, we focus on the urgent need to study the progression of HCV infection in relation to ethnic characteristics. Discoveries are discussed that hold promise in identifying immune, metabolic and genetic factors that, in conjunction, could be therapeutic targets or predictors of the progression of HCV infection. © 2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited. All rights reserved.
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