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Title: Evaluation of blood pressure measurements in first ambulatory neurological consultations: A missed part of the physical examination? [Evaluación de la medición de la presión arterial en primeras consultas neurológicas ambulatorias: ¿una parte olvidada del examen físico?]
Author: Vargas-Sanchez, A.
Chiquete, E.
Lopez-Corrales, G.E.
Carrillo-Loza, K.
Nunez-Velasco, S.
Ramirez-Ochoa, S.
Ochoa-Guzman, A.
Ruiz-Sandoval, J.L.
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Objective: To obtain a blood pressure reading is mandatory during either the general or specialized physical examination. This study describes factors associated with the accomplishment of blood pressure measurement in the first neurological consultation. Methods: We studied first ambulatory neurology consultations in a Mexican referral hospital. Demographic characteristics, diagnostic category of referral, final diagnosis and data on physical examination were collected to establish a logistic regression analysis in order to identify factors associated with the accomplishment of blood pressure measurement. Results: Over 8 months 778 outpatients were studied. The most frequent diagnoses for first consultation were headache (26%), epilepsy (14%) and stroke (13%). Only in 39% (n = 301) of the outpatients blood pressure was registered, among them, 30% had normal blood pressure, 43% had 121-139/81-89 mmHg, 20% had 140-159/90-99mmHg and 7% had ≥160/100 mmHg. The independent factors that favored the practice of BP determination in multivariable analysis were >65 years of age (odds ratio: 2.26; 95% confidence interval: 1.52-3.36) and headache complaint (odds ratio: 1.81, 95% confidence interval: 1.30-2.53). Notably, only 43% of patients with stroke had blood pressure registration, even when these stroke patients had blood pressure readings, they had higher blood pressure than with other diagnoses (p < 0.05) Conclusion: Blood pressure registration was frequently omitted from the first neurological consultation, particularly in outpatients who might need it the most. © 2013 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.
Appears in Collections:Producción científica UdeG (prueba)

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