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|Title:||A complementarity-based approach to phase in finite-dimensional quantum systems|
|Author:||Klimov, Andrei B.|
De Guise, H.
|Abstract:||We develop a comprehensive theory of phase for finite-dimensional quantum systems. The only physical requirement we impose is that phase is complementary to amplitude. To implement this complementarity we use the notion of mutually unbiased bases, which exist for dimensions that are powers of a prime. For a d-dimensional system (qudit) we explicitly construct d+1 classes of maximally commuting operators, each one consisting of d-1 operators. One of these classes consists of diagonal operators that represent amplitudes (or inversions). By finite Fourier transformation, it is mapped onto ladder operators that can be appropriately interpreted as phase variables. We discuss examples of qubits and qutrits, and show how these results generalize previous approaches. © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd.|
|Appears in Collections:||Producción científica UdeG (prueba)|
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