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Title: [Study of immunoglobulins, proinflammatory cytokines, lymphoproliferation and phagocytosis in peripheral blood of healthy young people exposed to different levels of atmospheric pollution]
Other Titles: Estudio de inmunoglobulinas, citocinas proinflamatorias, linfoproliferacion y fagocitosis en sangre periferica de jovenes sanos expuestos a diferentes niveles de contaminacion atmosferica.
Author: Moreno Ramiez E
Hernandez Urzua MA
Gonzalez Villegas AC
Casas Solis J
Zaitseva G
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Urban environmental pollutants, resulting from the inadequate control in the industries and from the use of vehicles, still represent a great danger for millions of people all around the world. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We made a study in healthy young people without family history of atopy that lived in Guadalajara's downtown, as well as in another group of young people who lived in a rural area. According to the census of the year 2000, Guadalajara city has a population of 4 million habitants, and a vehicle number of about a million. The immunological parameters that we studied were: IgG, IgA and IgM immunoglobulins by nephelometry, serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-1alpha, IL1-beta and TNF-alpha by ELISAs test, and the phagocytic index in polymorphonuclears. The atmospheric parameters were: NO2, O3, SO2, CO and the suspended particles that were less than 10 micrometers (PM10). These parameters were obtained from a mobile unit found at the Instituto de Astronomia y Meteorologia de la Universidad de Guadalajara, and from an automatic station of environmental monitoring. RESULTS: It stands out the high concentrations of NO2 and PM10, which in several occasions were over the standards established by the WHO. IgG, IgA and IgM immunoglobulins were lower in the subjects living in the city that in those who lived in the rural area. Phagocytic index in polymorphonuclears, as well as IL-1alpha levels were higher in the city group, though we did not find a significant difference in the immunological parameters analyzed in the studied groups. CONCLUSION: Environmental pollution levels found at Guadalajara's downtown does not modify the immunological parameters studied in the peripheral blood of healthy young people. This shows that this group of population is less vulnerable than others to the exposition of moderate levels of urban air pollution.
ISSN: 0002-5151; 0002-5151
Appears in Collections:Producción científica UdeG (prueba)

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