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Title: Urokinase-type plasminogen activator gene therapy in liver cirrhosis is mediated by collagens gene expression down-regulation and up-regulation of MMPs, HGF and VEGF
Author: Bueno, M.
Salgado, S.
Beas-Zárate, Carlos
Armendariz-Borunda, J.
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: Human urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) gene administration via an adenoviral (Ad)-vector induced cirrhosis regression and ameliorated hepatic dysfunction in a model of experimental liver cirrhosis. The administration of a single dose of 6 1011 viral particles per kilogram of a clinical-grade Ad-vector was evaluated after the onset of rat liver cirrhosis via degradation of deposited collagen and a substantial decrease of ?-smapositive cells. Also, gene expression for pro-fibrogenic molecules (Col I, III, IV, TIMP-1 and PAI-1) was clearly down-regulated. In contrast, gene expression for collagen-degrading enzymes such as MMP-13 and MMP-2 was up-regulated. These events correlated with increased amounts of proteic free-TIMP-1, i.e. non-complexed with metalloproteinases (MMPs), indicating the presence of higher amounts of active MMPs inside the liver of cirrhotic animals treated with Ad-huPA. The harmonized and concerted expression of HGF and c-met resulted in exacerbated hepatocyte proliferation, although these events did not induce an abnormal liver growth. Angiogenesis, i.e. formation of new blood vessels, was evaluated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression which was notably detected to be 10 times higher during the first 6 days after Ad-huPA-treatment in cirrhotic animals as compared with controls. These events provide a clearer rationale as to how Ad-huPA-induced liver regeneration on CCl4-induced liver fibrosis takes place. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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