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Title: Synthetic mid-UV spectroscopic indices of stars
Author: Chavez, M.
Bertone, E.
Buzzoni, A.
Franchini, M.
Malagnini, M.L.
Morossi, C.
Rodriguez-Merino, L.H.
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Using the UVBLUE library of synthetic stellar spectra we have computed a set of mid-UV line and continuum spectroscopic indices. We explore their behavior in terms of the leading stellar parameters (Teff, log g). The overall result is that synthetic indices follow the general trends depicted by those computed from empirical databases. Separately we also examine the index sensitivity to changes in chemical composition, an analysis only feasible under a theoretical approach. In this respect, lines indices Fe I 3000, BL 3096, and Mg I 2852 and the continuum index 2828/2921 are the least sensitive features, an important characteristic to be taken into account for the analyses of integrated spectra of stellar systems. We also quantify the effects of instrumental resolution on the indices and find that indices display variations up to 0.1 mag in the resolution interval between 6 and 10 � of FWHM. We discuss the extent to which synthetic indices are compatible with indices measured in spectra collected by the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE). Five line and continuum indices (Fe I 3000, 2110/2570, 2828/2921, S2850, and S2850L) display a remarkably good correlation with observations. The rest of the indices are either underestimated or overestimated; however, two of them, Mg Wide and BL 3096, display only marginal discrepancies. For 11 indices we give the coefficients to convert synthetic indices to the IUE system. This work represents the first attempt to synthesize mid-UV indices from high-resolution theoretical spectra and foresees important applications for the study of the ultraviolet morphology of old stellar aggregates. � 2007. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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