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Title: Surface properties of palladium catalysts supported on ternary ZrO 2-Al 2O 3-WOx oxides prepared by the sol-gel method: Study of the chemical state of the support
Author: Barrera, A.
Montoya, J.A.
Del Angel, P.
Navarrete, J.
Cano, M.E.
Tzompantzi, F.
Lopez-Gaona, A.
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: The surface properties of Pd and Pd-Pt catalysts supported on binary ZrO 2-WOx and ternary ZrO 2-Al 2O 3-WOx oxides prepared by the sol-gel method were studied. Special attention was paid to the study of the texture of the catalysts as well as the chemical state of tungstated zirconia and tungstated zirconia promoted with alumina in the palladium catalysts. The catalysts were tested in the isomerization of n-hexane and were characterized by N 2 physisorption, XRD, TPR, Raman spectroscopy, XPS and FT-IR of adsorbed pyridine. The catalysts had bimodal pore size distributions with mesopores in the range 55-70 � and macropores of 1000 � in diameter. The catalysts had a surface WOx coverage (4.4-6.0 W nm -2) lower than that of the theoretical monolayer (7.0 W nm -2). A lower acidity of the ternary ZrO 2-Al 2O 3-WOx oxide as compared to the binary ZrO 2-WOx oxide was found. Higher activity in the isomerisation of n-hexane was obtained in the Pd-Pt catalysts supported on ternary ZrAlW oxides prepared by sol-gel that is correlated with the coexistence on the surface of W 4 (WO 2) or W 0 and W 6 (Al 2(WO 4) 3) species, ZrO 2 in the tetragonal phase and a high amount of ZrOx suboxides species in a low oxidation state (Zr 3 and Zr 2). � 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
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