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Title: Risk factors for dislypidemia in obese children and adolescents [Factores de riesgo de dislipidemia en ni�os y adolescentes con obesidad]
Author: Romero-Velarde, E.
Campollo-Rivas, O.
De La Rosa, A.C.
Vasquez-Garibay, E.M.
Castro-Hernandez, J.F.
Cruz-Osorio, R.M.
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Objective. To assess the risk of dislypidemia associated with obesity in children and adolescents. Material and Methods. A cross sectional study was conducted with 62 obese children (BMI > 95 centile and tricipital skinfold thickness > 90 centile) and 70 non-obese children (BMI 5-85 centile) ages 5-15 years, without chronic diseases. Subjects' characteristics and family background of chronic diseases were collected and a lipid profile was determined. The risk of lipid alterations in the obese children was calculated using odds ratio (OR) and multivariate analysis. Results. Mean age was 9.8 � 2.7 years in both groups; 63 girls and 69 boys were included. Obesity was associated with abnormal values for cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, HDL and dislypidemia (> 1 abnormal value) (OR 4.47-15.0). In obese children and adolescents the multivariate analysis showed that female gender was associated with dislypidemia. Conclusion. Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with high risk of dislypidemia; the risk is higher among females.
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