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Title: Public policies on Higher Education: Rhetoric and grammar of Modernity and the limits of social recognition
Author: Pichardo-Molina, J.L.
Frausto-Reyes, C.
Barbosa-García, O.
Huerta-Franco, R.
Gonzalez-Trujillo, J.L.
Ramirez-Alvarado, C.A.
Gutierrez-Juarez, G.
Medina-Gutierrez, C.
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Serum samples were studied using Raman spectroscopy and analyzed through the multivariate statistical methods of principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA). The blood samples were obtained from 11 patients who were clinically diagnosed with breast cancer and 12 healthy volunteer controls. The PCA allowed us to define the wavelength differences between the spectral bands of the control and patient groups. However, since the differences in the involved molecules were in their tertiary or quaternary structure, it was not possible to determine what molecule caused the observed differences in the spectra. The ratio of the corresponding band intensities were analyzed by calculating the p values and it was found that only seven of these band ratios were significant and corresponded to proteins, phospholipids, and polysaccharides. These specific bands might be helpful during screening for breast cancer using Raman Spectroscopy of serum samples. It is also shown that serum samples from patients with breast cancer and from the control group can be discriminated when the LDA is applied to their Raman spectra. " 2007 Springer-Verlag London Limited.",,,,,,"10.1007/s10103-006-0432-8",,,"","",,,,,,"4",,"Lasers in Medical Science",,"229
WOS",,,,,,"Breast; Cancer; Multivariate; Raman; Serum; Spectroscopy",,,,,,"Raman spectroscopy and multivariate analysis of serum samples from breast cancer patients",,"Article" "45745","123456789/35008",,"Arias, C.C., University of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico",,"Arias, C.C.",,"2010",,"Worldwide contemporary public policies in Higher Education are explained through the rationality of an academic capitalism and the idea of a progress as the cornerstone of Modernity. This particularly way of thinking has the capacity to change values into attitudes and those into institutional goals, by bringing together individualism, competition, effectiveness, efficiency, productivity, success and excellence, as the main values of an institutional contemporary hegemonic ideology of quality of education. Quality as one of the most relevant and current public policies in Higher Education is sociological defined as a public ritual of an official and institutional act. The ceremonies of quality offer scholars the sense of been socially recognized by a highly estimation of their academic work; however, this recognition could easily become a fine institutional device of social control that can definitely affect the identity of scholars and the nature of their academic work. This paper is based on a research developed at the University of Guadalajara, in Mexico, 2006-2009, regarding the relationship between public policies of Quality in Higher Education and the institutional recognition among scholars' academic production and performance. The social, academic and political complexity of the University of Guadalajara located in Mexico, as one of the most prestigious institutions of higher education around the country, will offer us the opportunity to put the scholars' interpretations of quality into context of mostly all universities in Mexico. It is about how scholars experience the public policy of quality of education and how this policy affects their social, educational and professional trajectories. The research findings revealed that quality of education is equated with the traditional institutional social recognition and for that reason, the institutions of higher education are compel to participate within an academic capitalism to maintain the requirements of the quality of education. The relationships produced by the triangle of quality of education, social recognition for institutional control and the participation in a global market of knowledge are deeply affecting the trajectories of scholars in higher education in Mexico and are making evident different social pathologies among the institutions in higher education, such as the lack of scholars autonomy, the presence of individualism, and the disorientation of their education project, among others. " Common Ground.
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