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Title: Monitoring of spectral map changes from normal state to superconducting state in high- TC superconductor films using raman imaging
Author: Gonzalez-Solis, J.L.
Sanchez-Ruiz, R.
Arana-Zamora, I.A.
Martinez-Espinosa, J.C.
Perez-Arrieta, M.L.
Falcony-Guajardo, C.
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: We have explored the chemical structure of TlBaauhigh-TC superconductor films with Tl-1223 phase to monitor spectral map changes from normal state to superconducting state using the technique of Raman imaging. Raman images were performed for 12 different temperatures in the 77-293 K range. At room temperature, the Raman images were characterized by a single color but as the temperature dropped a new color appeared and when the temperature of 77 K is reached and the superconducting state is assured, the Raman images were characterized by the red, green, and blue colors. Our study could suggest that the superconducting state emerged around 133 K, in full agreement with those reported in the literature. A cross-checking was done applying principal component analysis (PCA) to other sets of Raman spectra of our films measured at different temperatures. PCA result showed that the spectra can be grouped into two temperature ranges, one in the 293-153 K range and the other in the 133-77 K range suggesting that transition to the superconducting state occurred at some temperature around 133 K. This is the first report of preliminary results evaluating the usefulness of Raman imaging in determination of transition temperature of superconductor films. Zapotitlán 2015 J. L. González-Solís et al.
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