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|Title:||Disparities in Renal Care in Jalisco, Mexico|
Klimov, Andrei B.
|Abstract:||The degree of polarization of a quantum field can be defined as its distance to an appropriate set of states. When we take unpolarized states as this reference set, the states optimizing this degree for a fixed average number of photons N? present a fairly symmetric, parabolic photon statistic, with a variance scaling as N?2. Although no standard optical process yields such a statistic, we show that, to an excellent approximation, a highly squeezed vacuum can be taken as maximally polarized. We also consider the distance of a field to the set of its SU(2) transformed, finding that certain linear superpositions of SU(2) coherent states make this degree to be unity. " 2007 The American Physical Society.",,,,,,"10.1103/PhysRevA.76.043820",,,"http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12104/42699","http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-35348916062&partnerID=40&md5=7c7ea8072d10acaa64d390dda6f5a86f",,,,,,"4",,"Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics",,,,"76",,"Scopus|
WOS",,,,,,,,,,,,"Maximally polarized states for quantum light fields",,"Article" "42507","123456789/35008",,"García-García, G., Division of Nephrology, Hospital Civil de Guadalajara, University of Guadalajara Health Sciences Center, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Renoirte-Lopez, K., Division of Nephrology, Hospital Civil de Guadalajara, University of Guadalajara Health Sciences Center, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Marquez-Magaña, I., Division of Nephrology, Hospital Civil de Guadalajara, University of Guadalajara Health Sciences Center, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico",,"García-García, G.
Marquez-Magana, I.",,"2010",,"End-stage renal disease represents a serious public health problem in Mexico. Close to 9% of the Mexican population has chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 40,000 patients are on dialysis. However, the fragmentation of our health care system has resulted in unequal access to renal replacement therapy. In addition, poor patients in Jalisco with kidney failure have very advanced disease at the time of dialysis initiation, suggesting lack of access to predialysis care. To address these issues, a number of strategies have been implemented. Among them a renal replacement therapy program for which the cost of treatment is shared by government, patients, industry, and charitable organizations; the implementation of a state-funded hemodialysis program that provides free dialysis for the poor; the establishment of a university-sponsored residency program in nephrology and a postgraduate training in nephrology nursing; and a screening program for early detection and control of CKD. In conclusion, access to renal care is unequal. The extension of the Seguro Popular to cover end-stage renal disease treatment nationwide and the implementation of community screening programs for the detection and control of CKD offers an opportunity to correct the existing disparities in renal care in Jalisco and perhaps in other regions of Mexico. " 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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