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Title: Identification of domestic water consumption in a house based on fuzzy clustering algorithms
Author: García-García, G.
Gutierrez-Padilla, A.J.
Chavez-Iniguez, J.
Perez-Gomez, H.R.
Mendoza-García, M.
Gonzalez-De la Pena, M.D.M.
Tonelli, M.
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Background and Aims: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem in Mexico. Current guidelines recommend routine CKD testing in patients at increased risk for CKD. We undertook this study to examine the diagnostic yield of targeted screening (case-finding) for CKD in high-risk populations in rural and urban communities in Jalisco, Mexico. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, we did laboratory tests searching for CKD and its risk factors and compared the characteristics of participants with those reported by the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (NHNS). Individuals who were aware that they had CKD and those <18 years of age were excluded. Results: There were 9,169 participants assessed: 28.7% were men and mean age was 55.6 13.7 years. They were predominantly female (71.3 vs. 55.6%, p= 0.0001) and older (55.59 0.1 vs. 42.5 0.3 years, p= 0.0001) than the NHNS population. Self-reported diabetes (41.9 vs. 7.3%, p= 0001) and fasting blood sugar ?126 mg/dl (56.1 vs. 14.4%, p= 0.0001) were more prevalent among the participants; self-reported hypertension (41.9 vs. 7.3%, p= 0.0001), systolic blood pressure ?140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ?90 mm Hg (52.5 vs. 43.2%, p= 0.0001), and obesity (42.8. vs. 29.3%, p= 0.0001) were also more frequent among participants. There were 19.7% with proteinuria; CKD was more prevalent among the high risk participants in our study (31.3 vs. 8.0%, p= 0.0001) than in the general population. Conclusions: CKD was detected frequently in high-risk Mexican populations. Trials of case-finding and intervention are feasible and warranted in Mexico. " 2013 IMSS.",,,,,,"10.1016/j.arcmed.2013.10.007",,,"","",,,,,,"8",,"Archives of Medical Research",,"623
MEDLINE",,,,"Index Medicus;Adult;Aged;Blood Pressure/ph [Physiology];Cross-Sectional Studies;Diabetes Mellitus/di [Diagnosis];Diabetes Mellitus/ep [Epidemiology];Diabetes Mellitus/pp [Physiopathology];Female;Humans;Hypertension/ep [Epidemiology];Male;Mexico/ep [Epidemiology];Middle Aged;Obesity/di [Diagnosis];Obesity/ep [Epidemiology];Obesity/pp [Physiopathology];Prevalence;Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/di [Diagnosis];Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/ep [Epidemiology];Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/pp [Physiopathology];Risk Factors",,"Chronic kidney disease; Diabetes; Hypertension; Proteinuria",,,,,,"Identifying undetected cases of chronic kidney disease in Mexico. Targeting high-risk populations",,"Article" "43866","123456789/35008",,"Ramírez-León, A., Laboratorio de Inmunobiología, Departamento de Biología Celular y Molecular. Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias. Universidad de Guadalajara. Km 15.5 carretera Guadalajara - Nogales, Las Agujas, Nextipac, Zapopan, Jalisco, México. CP: 44100.; Barajas-Martinez, H.; Flores-Torales, E.; Orozco-Barocio, A.",,"Ramirez-Leon, A.
Barajas-Martinez, H.
Flores-Torales, E.
Orozco-Barocio, A.",,"2012",,"Amphypterygium adstringens is a Mexican tree known as cuachalalate whose bark is habitually used for the treatment of fresh wounds, gastric ulcers, gastrointestinal cancer and various inflammatory conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunostimulant effect of the aqueous extract of A. adstringens on immune cellular response in immunosuppressed mice. An aqueous extract from the bark of cuachalalate was administered into BALB/c mice for 10 days. We assessed their immunostimmulant activity on cellular immune response by Delayed Type Hypersensitivity Response (DHT) to dinitrofluorobencene (DNFB) and by MTT assay. L5178Y lymphoma was used as immunossuppression model. An increase in DHT was observed after treatment with 10 and 100 mg/kg of the aqueous extract from A. adstringens oral treatment in lymphoma bearing mice. Splenocyte proliferation rate was significantly increased (2.5 time) in immunosuppresed mice treated with 10 mg/kg oral treatment compared with group that received vehicle only. The present study showed for the first time the aqueous extract from A. adstringens as a positive immunostimulant agent in lymphoma bearing mice and we demonstrated evidence to support the traditionally use of cuachalalate in conditions in which the immune system is depressed.",,,,,,,,,"","",,,,,,"1",,"African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines",,"35
MEDLINE",,,,"Index Medicus;Adjuvants, Immunologic/pd [Pharmacology];Adjuvants, Immunologic/tu [Therapeutic Use];Angiosperms;Animals;Cell Line, Tumor;Dinitrofluorobenzene;Hypersensitivity, Delayed/ci [Chemically Induced];Hypersensitivity, Delayed/im [Immunology];Immunity, Cellular/de [Drug Effects];Immunocompromised Host/de [Drug Effects];Immunosuppression;Lymphoma/im [Immunology];Male;Mice;Mice, Inbred BALB C;Plant Extracts/pd [Pharmacology];Plant Extracts/tu [Therapeutic Use]",,,,,,,,"Immunostimulating effect of aqueous extract of Amphypterygium adstringens on immune cellular response in immunosuppressed mice.",,"Article" "43816","123456789/35008",,"Corona-Nakamura, M.A., Departamento de Ciencias Computacionales-CUCEI, Universidad de Guadalajara, Revolución 1500, C.P. 44840 Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Ruelas, R., Departamento de Ingeniería de Proyectos-CUCEI, Universidad de Guadalajara, José Guadalupe Zuno No. 48., C.P. 45101 Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico; Ojeda-Magaña, B., Departamento de Ingeniería de Proyectos-CUCEI, Universidad de Guadalajara, José Guadalupe Zuno No. 48., C.P. 45101 Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico; Finch, D.W.C., Departamento de Ingeniería de Proyectos-CUCEI, Universidad de Guadalajara, José Guadalupe Zuno No. 48., C.P. 45101 Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico",,"Corona-Nakamura, M.A.
Ruelas, R.
Ojeda-Magana, B.
Finch, D.W.C.",,"2009",,"This work presents the classification of different types of consumptions of water in a house (sinks, showers, washing machines etc.). This classification takes into account the measured flow and the duration of the flow at a particular point in the water distribution network. The classifier uses the FCM and Gustafson-Kessel algorithms. The data set is called AGUA and it corresponds to real data gathered for a research project in Guadalajara, Mexico. The classifier was trained in an unsupervised way. As such, it learns the patterns for the flow and duration of flow, for each type of consumption. The identified classes are relevant consumption types such as using the sink, using the shower, etc. The results show that the proposed approach gives good results, with 91.6 % of the examples classified correctly, and it could be used in the future as part of a supervisory system in order to make better use of water in households. "2009 IEEE.
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