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Title: Clinical and genetic heterogeneity in patients with mosaic variegated aneuploidy: Delineation of clinical subtypes
Author: Garcia-Castillo, H.
Vasquez-Velasquez, A.I.
Rivera, H.
Barros-Nunez, P.
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: Mosaic variegated aneuploidy (MVA) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome related to BUB1B gene mutations and characterized by multiple mosaic aneuploidies, cancer predisposition, and a distinct phenotype. We report on two mildly affected sibs with MVA syndrome but without BUB1B mutation. Both patients exhibited growth retardation, frontal bossing, triangular face and micrognathia but not microcephaly or cancer. Aneuploidies were assessed both in G-banded metaphases from lymphocyte cultures and in interphase nuclei from buccal cells by FISH. Screening of 23 exons and intron-exon boundaries of BUB1B was also carried out. These patients were then compared with other 19 MVA patients screened for BUB1B mutations. Around one half of the cultured lymphocytes from our patients had aneuploidies ranging from nullisomies to heptasomies; the most frequent abnormalities were trisomies (42%) and monosomies (28%). FISH results demonstrated more chromosomal losses than gains. Screening of BUB1B in our two patients failed to identify any mutation. A review of the 21/35 patients screened for BUB1B demonstrated three clinical pictures. Patients with monoallelic BUB1B mutations were severely affected with Dandy-Walker complex (7/8), cataracts (6/6), and Wilms' tumor (7/8); premature chromatid separation (PCS) was observed in 8/8 propositi and 7/7 carrier parents. Patients without BUB1B mutations were mildly affected with no evidence of cancer, Dandy-Walker malformation or cataract, and rarely (1/7) showed PCS. Finally, patients with biallelic BUB1B mutations showed a moderate phenotype. The distinct MVA clinical groups delineated here point to involvement of at least another mitotic spindle checkpoint gene in addition to the BUB1B gene. � 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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