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Title: [Socioeconomic, demographic and family dysfunction related to obesity in 6 to 9 year-old children]. [Obesidad en ni�os de 6 a 9 a�os. Factores socioecon�micos, demogr�ficos y disfunci�n familiar.]
Author: Sandoval-Montes, I.E.
Romero-Velarde, E.
Vasquez-Garibay, E.M.
Gonzalez-Rico, J.L.
Martinez-Ramirez, H.R.
Sanchez-Talamantes, E.
Troyo-Sanroman, R.
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: To identify the association between family dysfunction and obesity in children six to nine year-old. A case-control study that included children with obesity (cases, n = 64) with body mass index (BMI) > 95th percentile and triceps skinfold (TSF) > 90th percentile; and a control group (n = 120) with BMI < 85th percentile and TSF < 90th percentile was performed. Anthropometric measurements were made and a questionnaire assessing eight areas of family dynamics was applied. We compared the frequency of family dysfunction among cases and controls with the ?2 test and its association with obesity through the odds ratio. The average score of the questionnaire was 80.8 � 11.3 with no differences between groups. The categories "probably dysfunctional" and "dysfunctional" were more common in the obese group but the differences were not significant. The score of the areas "dynamics of parents as a couple" (p = 0.053) and "structure of authority in the family" (p = 0.061) was higher in the control group. Although no association was seen between family dysfunction and obesity, we found a tendency toward obesity in dysfunctional families.
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