Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12104/68422
Title: Twelve-month safety and visual acuity results from a feasibility study of intraocular, epiretinal radiation therapy for the treatment of subfoveal cnv secondary to amd
Author: Avila, M.P.
Farah, M.E.
Santos, A.
Kapran, Z.
Duprat, J.P.
Woodward, B.W.
Nau, J.
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term safety and feasibility of intraocular, epiretinal delivery of beta radiation for the treatment of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration for 12 months. A 3-year follow-up period is planned to assess the long-term safety of the procedure. METHODS: In this nonrandomized, multicenter feasibility study, 34 treatment-naïve patients with predominantly classic, minimally classic, or occult lesions due to subfoveal choroidal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration received a single treatment with either 15 Gray (Gy) (8 patients) or 24 Gy (26 patients) beta radiation (strontium-90) using a novel intraocular delivery device. Adverse events and safety endpoints were observed and recorded. Visual acuity was measured preoperatively and postoperatively using standard Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study vision charts. RESULTS: Twelve months after treatment, no adverse events associated with exposure to radiation were observed. All patients in both 15 Gy (n = 4) and 24 Gy cohorts (n = 17) who met inclusion criteria and were treated according to protocol lost fewer than three lines of vision. Fifty percent (2/4) of the 15 Gy-treated patients and 76% (13/17) of the 24 Gy-treated patients improved or maintained their visual acuity at 12 months. In the 24 Gy group, 29% (5/17) gained three lines or more in visual acuity. The mean change in visual acuity observed at month 12 was +10.3 letters in the 24 Gy study cohort and-1.0 letters in the 15 Gy cohort. CONCLUSION: The short-term safety and efficacy of intraocular, epiretinal delivery of beta radiation for the treatment of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization was promising in this small study group and should be studied in a larger cohort of patients. Copyright © by Ophthalmic Communications Society, Inc.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12104/68422
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