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Title: The Quételet index revisited in children and adults
Author: Chiquete, E.
Ruiz-Sandoval, J.L.
Ochoa-Guzman, A.
Sanchez-Orozco, L.V.
Lara-Zaragoza, E.B.
Basaldua, N.
Ruiz-Madrigal, B.
Martinez-Lopez, T.
Roman, S.
Godinez-Gutierrez, S.A.
Panduro-Cerda, Arturo
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Background: The body mass index (BMI) is based on the original concept that body weight increases as a function of height squared. As an indicator of obesity the modern BMI assumption postulates that adiposity also increases as a function of height in states of positive energy balance. Objective: To evaluate the BMI concept across different adiposity magnitudes, in both children and adults. Methods: We studied 975 individuals who underwent anthropometric evaluation: 474 children and 501 adults. Tetrapolar bioimpedance analysis was used to assess body fat and lean mass. Results: BMI significantly correlated with percentage of body fat (%BF; children: r=0.893; adults: r=0.878) and with total fat mass (children: r=0.967; adults: r=0.953). In children, body weight, fat mass, %BF and waist circumference progressively increased as a function of height squared. In adults body weight increased as a function of height squared, but %BF actually decreased with increasing height both in men (r=-0.406; p<0.001) and women (r=-0.413; p<0.001). Most of the BMI variance in adults was explained by a positive correlation of total lean mass with height squared (r2=0.709), and by a negative correlation of BMI with total fat mass (r=-0.193). Conclusions: Body weight increases as a function of height squared. However, adiposity progressively increases as a function of height only in children. BMI is not an ideal indicator of obesity in adults since it is significantly influenced by the lean mass, even in obese individuals. © 2013 SEEN.
Appears in Collections:Producción científica UdeG (prueba)

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