Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12104/65332
Title: Hospital arrival time and functional outcome after acute ischaemic stroke: Results from the PREMIER study [Tiempo de llegada hospitalaria y pronóstico funcional después de un infarto cerebral: Resultados del estudio PREMIER]
Author: Leon-Jimenez, C.
Ruiz-Sandoval, J.L.
Chiquete, E.
Vega-Arroyo, M.
Arauz, A.
Murillo-Bonilla, L.M.
Ochoa-Guzman, A.
Carrillo-Loza, K.
Ramos-Moreno, A.
Barinagarrementeria, F.
Cantu-Brito, C.
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Introduction: Information regarding hospital arrival times after acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) has mainly been gathered from countries with specialised stroke units. Little data from emerging nations is available. We aim to identify factors associated with achieving hospital arrival times of less than 1, 3, and 6. hours, and analyse how arrival times are related to functional outcomes after AIS. Methods: We analysed data from patients with AIS included in the PREMIER study (Primer Registro Mexicano de Isquemia Cerebral) which defined time from symptom onset to hospital arrival. The functional prognosis at 30 days and at 3, 6, and 12 months was evaluated using the modified Rankin Scale. Results: Among 1096 patients with AIS, 61 (6%) arrived in <1 hour, 250 (23%) in <3. hours, and 464 (42%) in <6. hours. The factors associated with very early (<1 hour) arrival were family history of ischemic heart disease and personal history of migraines; in <3. hours: age 40-69 years, family history of hypertension, personal history of dyslipidaemia and ischaemic heart disease, and care in a private hospital; in <6. hours: migraine, previous stroke, ischaemic heart disease, care in a private hospital, and family history of hypertension. Delayed hospital arrival was associated with lacunar stroke and alcoholism. Only 2.4% of patients underwent thrombolysis. Regardless of whether or not thrombolysis was performed, arrival time in <3. hours was associated with lower mortality at 3 and 6 months, and with fewer in-hospital complications. Conclusions: A high percentage of patients had short hospital arrival times; however, less than 3% underwent thrombolysis. Although many factors were associated with early hospital arrival, it is a priority to identify in-hospital barriers to performing thrombolysis. © 2013 Sociedad Española de Neurología.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12104/65332
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