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Title: Genetic diversity of the IL-4, IL-4 receptor and IL-13 loci in mestizos in the general population and in patients with asthma from three subpopulations in Mexico
Author: Lopez, K.I.M.
Martinez, S.E.F.
Moguel, M.C.M.
Romero, L.T.
Figueroa, C.S.
Pacheco, G.V.
Ibarra, B.
Corona, J.S.
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Asthma is an inflammatory airway disease characterized by increased serum IgE levels, mucus hypersecretion and infiltration of inflammatory cells, and is a multifactorial disease that exhibits genetic heterogeneity. Polymorphisms in the interleukin-4 (C-590T), interleukin-4 receptor (ile50val and gln576arg), and interleukin-13 (arg130gln) genes have been described as susceptibility alleles for asthma. This study was designed to determine whether asthma susceptibility is influenced by genotypic and allelic distribution of the above polymorphisms in three Mexican subpopulations. Four hundred and thirty-seven subjects from three Mexican subpopulations were classified into two groups: general population and affected/unaffected and genotyped for the above polymorphisms. We compared the distributions of the loci in the groups. In addition, we undertook association analysis between these loci and asthma phenotype in each affected/unaffected group, and determined Nei's genetic distance between the three subpopulations. The allelic and genotypic distributions of the polymorphisms differed between the three subpopulations. There was no association between any of the polymorphisms and asthma phenotype. However, there was a differential distribution of haplogroups (P < 0.0001) between the affected and the unaffected groups from the subpopulations of Jalisco and Guerrero. The genetic distribution of the four polymorphisms in the subpopulations did not influence susceptibility to asthma. Furthermore, the difference in the prevalence of asthma in these subpopulations is not attributable to the genetic background for the four polymorphisms analysed. However, haplogroup analysis suggests that the interaction of the polymorphisms and other predisposing alleles leads to the expression of the clinical phenotype. © 2007 The Authors.
Appears in Collections:Producción científica UdeG (prueba)

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