Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12104/45234
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dc.contributor.authorAveni, A.F.
dc.contributor.authorHartung, H.
dc.contributor.authorBuckingham, B.
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-15T19:09:39Z-
dc.date.available2015-09-15T19:09:39Z-
dc.date.issued1978
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-0037724107&partnerID=40&md5=98facb03be4781f1bc0ccbc6a6b28b7e
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12104/45234-
dc.description.abstractAttention is directed to a design, possibly of Teotihuacan origin, carved both in rock and in the floors of ceremonial buildings throughout ancient Mesoamerica. Consisting generally of a double circular pattern centered on a set of orthogonal axes, the so-called pecked cross or quartered circle figure is shown to exhibit a remarkable consistency in appearance throughout its 29 reported locations, thus suggesting that it was not perfunctory. The metric properties of the symbols gleaned from field surveys are delineated, and several interpretations of their possible functions are discussed. These symbols may have been intended as astronomical orientational devices, surveyor's bench marks, calendars, or ritual games. Evidence is presented which implies that more than one and perhaps all of these functions were employed simultaneously, a view which is shown to be consistent with the cosmological attitude of the pre-Columbian people.
dc.relation.isreferencedbyScopus
dc.titleThe pecked cross symbol in ancient Mesoamerica
dc.typeArticle
dc.relation.ispartofjournalScience
dc.relation.ispartofvolume202
dc.relation.ispartofissue4365
dc.relation.ispartofpage267
dc.relation.ispartofpage279
dc.contributor.affiliationAveni, A.F., Department of Astronomy, Colgate University, Hamilton, NY 13346, United States; Hartung, H., Department of Pre-columbian Architecture, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico; Buckingham, B., Colgate University
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